Home and away: the divergent responses to prosecuting British child sex offenders offending in the UK against those offending abroad

Geden, John (2010) Home and away: the divergent responses to prosecuting British child sex offenders offending in the UK against those offending abroad. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    Against a backdrop of cheap air travel, improved communication links and a widening gap between the richest and poorest countries in the world, Child Sex Tourism (CST) and the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) are crimes that are increasing and difficult to measure due to the scope and magnitude. The abuse of children in many developing countries is an intractable problem and offenders often escape justice through a combination of weakened values systems, greed, poverty, poor legislation and corruption. These crimes are proving very difficult for law enforcement to combat. Since 1997 the UK has included within its legislation the ability to prosecute its citizens for acts of child sexual abuse committed in other jurisdictions by virtue of Extra Territorial (ET) provisions. However the UK faces increasing criticism from the NGO lobby about the lack of use of ET legislation and, where it has been used, the failure to secure prosecution. This research focuses on the processes that have to be followed and the perceived and actual obstructions that stand in the way of a UK Based Senior Investigation Officer (SIO) tasked with investigating child sexual offences committed by a UK citizen in another jurisdiction. A mixture of research methods was employed during this study and included a focused review of current academic literature and associated texts. Primary research in the form of interviews and questionnaires has been conducted with relevant stakeholders with UK and international law enforcement practitioners and external agencies including NGO’s. Finally a number of current cases studies have been selected, each evidencing some of the perceived blockages identified through the primary research. The study identifies a number of gaps in current capability both in existing legislation and in the ability to utilise ET legislation effectively. The results identify policy implications for the UK in relation to the commitment to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of a Child (UN CRC) and the UN Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography (OPSC).

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2011 12:49
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 11:16
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/964

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