Chicago Race Riot 1919: what were the causes of such extreme racial violence?

Edwards, Chad (2012) Chicago Race Riot 1919: what were the causes of such extreme racial violence? BA dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    Following the end of World War One spats of racial violence broke out across the breadth of United States. The violence that took place across the summer of 1919 became known as the "Red Summer". This dissertation focuses solely on the race riot of Chicago with the aim of adding a layer of complexity to the literature on this subject. With thirty-seven dead, 537 injured, entire housing blocks in ruins, and more than a thousand people homeless, it begs the question; what created an atmosphere in which such extensive violence would occur? This dissertation will attempt to show that it was the Great Migration that was the largest factor in the racial violence. It brought extensive numbers of African-American migrants to Chicago, inadvertently placing further strain on complicated social divides within housing and employment. At this same period of time a new assertive black psychology was developing, reinforced by the efforts of African-Americans in World War One. This nascent psychology encouraged African-Americans to fight back against white aggression. The existing literature surrounding this subject has been examined to provide the framework for this dissertation. Coupled with this has been the study of newspapers from Chicago in the lead up to the riot, along with census data and personal letters from the migrants involved in the Great Migration.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Languages and Area Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2012 05:22
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 12:03
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/8254

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