The rise of suicide terrorism in Afghanistan: how can British forces improve the security situation?

Hinch, Connan (2010) The rise of suicide terrorism in Afghanistan: how can British forces improve the security situation? BSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    When al-Qaeda attacked the World Trade Centre and the Pentagon on that fateful morning of September 11, 2001, the world was introduced to the full horror of suicide terrorism. Since then, Britain, the United States and a coalition of nations have been engaged in a ‘War on Terror’ in Iraq and Afghanistan. The aim of this research, “The Rise of Suicide Terrorism in Afghanistan: How Can British Forces Improve the Security Situation?” is to gain a better understanding of suicide terrorism. This is necessary in order to identify strategies and policies that may assist in protecting the Afghan people and British Armed Forces from this form of terrorist attack in Afghanistan. The main objectives of the literature review were to examine the history and rationale behind suicide terrorism; to assess the evidence this form of terror has had on the Afghan population and how the British Armed Forces are implementing the counter-insurgency policies; to examine and compare suicide bombings and counter-insurgency policies employed in Israel and Iraq; and in light of this evidence, to critically analyse counter-insurgency strategies and policies in order to make recommendations to counter this method of terror attack. It is recommended that a multi-layered approach to security is adopted. A wide range of strategies ranging from international cooperation to the hearts and minds battle being fought on the ground in Helmand Province need to be implemented. There may be no military solution to the issues in Afghanistan, but military action is needed to provide a secure environment for development, good governance and rule of law. Ultimately there can be no single tactic or approach that will offer a complete solution. Instead, it will need an integrated, holistic approach by British, Afghan and coalition forces in order to defeat the suicide attack threat and the insurgents that aim to conduct the attacks.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2011 12:48
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 11:15
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/758

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