Trafficking in persons and human smuggling in Nigeria: a contemporary manifestation of slavery and organised crime

Akpala, James (2009) Trafficking in persons and human smuggling in Nigeria: a contemporary manifestation of slavery and organised crime. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Trafficking in persons and human smuggling are crimes assumed to be difficult to measure due to the scope and magnitude, which appears to be a growing phenomenon. The trade in human beings has become so lucrative such that it generates more profit than trafficking in drugs. This perhaps could be as a result of victims been used, traded and sold numerous times and even if caught penalties are lower in contrast to trafficking in drugs. Trafficking in persons and human smuggling are intractable problems occasioned by greed, poverty, poor legislation, corruption, and huge demand for services, weak values systems, and deceptive representation of the “heavenly” life in cities and abroad. This research focuses on the processes and the extent of trafficking and human smuggling in Nigeria. The study was equally intended to add to limited knowledge and research on trafficking and human smuggling. The methodology includes a focused literature review and telephone interview survey. Thus mixed methods were felt to be suitable and appropriate for this research considering the primary objective which was intended to be exploratory. The telephone interview surveys were used to elicit information from law enforcement agents regarding the trends in trafficking and smuggling of human beings as well as barriers and challenges faced in combating both crimes. The results were analysed using both quantitative and qualitative methods in order to add depth and meaning to the results obtained. The successful completion of these objectives has proved that the extensive border between Nigeria, Chad, Niger, Benin and Cameroon, has created easy passage and easy transportation of young Nigerians through transit countries in North Africa, en-route Europe and other parts of the world. This and other results were critically discussed, linking references to the ideas and arguments presented in the focused literature review.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2011 12:48
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 11:15

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