The Phantom phenomenon: a century of adaptations through novel, film and stage in The Phantom of the Opera

Hearn, Mark (2009) The Phantom phenomenon: a century of adaptations through novel, film and stage in The Phantom of the Opera. BA dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    This dissertation looks at two key concepts in literary adaptation, 'fidelity' and 'authenticity', within one key narrative text together with four subsequent adaptations. The case study narrative is The Phantom of the Opera, both in film and stage forms. This work will also look at the adaptations in relation to the novel in terms of these concepts to comment on whether these films should be seen as individual texts or rigidly compared to the original book. After researching into the work of scholars such as George Bluestone and Brain McFarlane, this dissertation discovers that films should be judged on their own merits in the constraints of cinema. The dissertation will look at the cultural conditions and social influences such as two World Wars and the competition against cinema from TV on the adaptations and their production processes. This is done using a chronological development which was compiled through historical research into the events and ideologies of the various production eras in the 1920s, 1940s and 1960s. It will then investigate the effect of translating the text into a musical in the 1980s concentrating on the use of music and ideas of opera, which was found to communicate a heightened emotional response from the audience along with a broader knowledge of musical styles. Finally the dissertation will discuss the nature of the narrative deciding to classify it as horror or romance as the films are marketed as horror but the novel and musical are steeped in romance, this also includes a look at the differences between each form and the expected development of the narrative in the popular mass imagination.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Creative and Cultural Industries > School of Media and Performing Arts
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2011 12:48
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 11:15

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