Hidden casualties of war: a literature review and discussion of factors linking military service to future offending behaviour

Rookyard, Kate L. (2011) Hidden casualties of war: a literature review and discussion of factors linking military service to future offending behaviour. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    There has been much publicity in recent years regarding numbers of military veterans in UK prisons with suggestions that this may be much higher than previously estimated. Furthermore, the debate has extended to reasons why some individuals with military records may turn to criminal behaviour and whether there may be links to mental health and in particular to post traumatic stress disorder. This paper examines a range of secondary research and theory to establish whether there are significant numbers of ex-military personnel in UK prisons and to consider particular factors which may contribute to the future offending behaviour of such veterans. Factors considered include mental health, alcohol and substance misuse, treatment and prevention for such issues as well as consideration of culture, training and duties in the military and the transition from military to civilian life.

    This research will conclude that even conservative estimates indicate a significant proportion of ex-military personnel are held in custody and that mental health issues are a particular factor for many. Findings do not support the widely held belief that post traumatic stress disorder is directly linked to offending behaviour but that depression and alcohol may play a significant role. Qualitative findings indicate that the transition process from military life to civilian life is difficult for many veteran offenders and the level of support and/or treatment is greatly influential on their life outcomes including criminal behaviour.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2011 13:54
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 11:50
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/5693

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