Psychoactive substances: challenges to European Union drugs controls - exploration of trends and responses

Pallavicini, Bo (2011) Psychoactive substances: challenges to European Union drugs controls - exploration of trends and responses. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    From the evolution of synthetic drugs to the emergence of new psychoactive substances, the main focus of this research study is to explore trends and responses to new psychoactive substances in the European Union together with their challenges to national and regional European Union drugs controls. Here, nexus is put on two specific new substances from legal appearance to their national and regional prohibition with a critical evaluation of two selected diverse member states and the European Union combined with incentives, harms, and criminalization impacts. Besides, this research study is important for disclosing and evaluating the latest trends, challenges, and responses that new psychoactive substances have put on the national and regional drug control efforts. Likewise, to support this research, a mixed methodology has been used, including secondary literature data and case studies in combination with empirical data derived from semi-structured interviews with experts and key players. Equally important, the findings from this research study provide evidence that although national drug control mechanisms vary, the challenges that the latest new psychoactive substance trends have imposed equally impaired their responses, except at the regional level but for different reasons. In summary, the main conclusions drawn from this research study are that the latest trends of new substances increase equally have proven to seriously test national drug controls, thus leading toward the implementation of additional drug prohibition options. In hindsight, this research study recommends that further study should be instigated, whether other countries are equally challenged by new psychoactive substances and to which extent they have responded. Furthermore, these trends are not confined to Europe alone, in fact they are rapidly becoming a global menace.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2011 13:41
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 11:50
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/5688

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