Cocaine trafficking to Europe by sea: an illustration of the real picture whilst examining critically the responses to the phenomenon by the European law enforcement community

Vergadis, Nikolaos (2011) Cocaine trafficking to Europe by sea: an illustration of the real picture whilst examining critically the responses to the phenomenon by the European law enforcement community. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    This study aspires to identify via regular analysis how cocaine is trafficked via maritime routes into the EU during the last six years, as well as to establish whether or not the contemporary policies and law enforcement responses are sufficient, adequate and effective to combat the phenomenon. In addition, it is attempted to assess to what extent there is coherence of the maritime LE developments with Europol activities and ECIM. Therefore, a very detailed questionnaire/matrix was deployed and sent to all 27 EU MS and 4 European Third States, whilst interviews with 7 high level practitioners from Spain, Portugal, the Netherlands, France, MAOC-N and UNODC, were conducted.

    Analysis of the research findings reveals the flexibility and adaptability of the OCGs, which in light of the last years decreased seizures, led to a diversification of routes and altered completely the modes of transport. Furthermore, it became clear that the majority of the current on-going initiatives and programmes are considered positive, partly effective and efficient but to the right direction, as common approaches are established. However, a decentralization and compartmentalization of intelligence via various formal or informal channels is also obvious, whilst coherence between the latest maritime LE developments and regional initiatives such as MAOC-N and CeCLAD-M with Europol activities and the ECIM, has not been ensured yet.

    Finally, amongst other recommendations, in order to avoid unnecessary duplication and conflicts, to spare resources and to ensure the centralisation of the knowledge and intelligence, available on demand, structural changes via a more formal and centralised approach are suggested.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2011 13:21
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 11:50
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/5682

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