The effects of stress in the Cyprus Police on the organizational commitment of constables

Chrysostomou, Zacharias (2011) The effects of stress in the Cyprus Police on the organizational commitment of constables. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    Organizational commitment and policing have been the subject of research studies over the past three decades in different countries worldwide. The existing relevant research findings clearly correlate consistently stress in the police with a negative impact on organizational commitment. Although there seems to be a consensus among the Cyprus Police that commitment to the organization is low, no study has ever been undertaken to substantiate this assumption. Hence the significance of the present study, the purpose of which was to identify whether occupational stress in the Cyprus Police affects negatively the organizational commitment of constables. Thus this research work summarizes and evaluates existing literature on stress and organizational commitment and the evidence base of contributing factors. It proceeds with an exploration of occupational stress, both operational and organizational, of constables in the Cyprus Police and identifies its primary sources. In doing this, the study critically explores predictors of organizational commitment in the Cyprus Police. Data were collected from a representative of the population (3355) sample of 290 (8.64% of the total population) constables randomly selected. A structured questionnaire was used for the survey. The collected data were coded and analyzed statistically using the SPSS. As expected the statistical analysis showed that occupational stress, both operational and organizational, affects negatively the organizational commitment of constables. In fact, the results indicate clearly that the higher the occupational stress, the more negative its effects on their organizational commitment. A significant finding of this study is that one third of the participants seem to have low commitment towards Cyprus Police, with those holding a university degree being the least committed, the most stressed as regards organizational stress and the least stressed as regards operational stress. Another important finding is that in contrast to other relevant research findings, with the exception of those with 4-10 years of service, the organizational commitment of constables increases as the years of service increase. The research findings may help the leadership of the organization design strategies to confront police stress and its consequences on constables and ultimately on their organizational commitment.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2011 13:18
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 11:50
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/5681

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