International terrorism and the UK: control orders vs. liberty

Lacey, Vicky (2008) International terrorism and the UK: control orders vs. liberty. BSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    On September 11th 2001, fourteen suicide bombers from al-Qaeda hijacked four Boeing passenger airlines and flew them into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Centre and the Pentagon in Washington. Within a couple of hours the prominent American landmarks that symbolised power and affluence were reduced to nothing but rubble. This dissertation will examine the phenomena of terrorism and ascertain how the nature of the threat to the UK has changed post 9/11. An analysis of the reasons why the UK is seen as a target to al-Qaeda will be included, which will focus on how the UK's involvement in the war in Iraq and the radicalisation of 'home grown' militants makes the threat higher but more difficult to predict and prevent. The problems with the official definition of terrorism will also be examined and a review of the counter-terrorism steps taken by the UK in order to protect national security and the public will follow. The control order regime will be at the heart of this section as many of the restrictions attached to them impact on the human rights of a controlee. This thesis will also address the effectiveness of control orders and question the appropriateness of them. It will be argued that as the lethality of terrorism increases the response by the government becomes more authoritarian which consequently protects the majority at the expense of the minority. This dissertation will conclude by determining whether the steps taken by the government can be justified in relation to the threat posed. Due to the nature of the topic a literature review was used as the research method and the findings will show that counter-terrorism measures alone will not stop terrorism, the security of the country and the human rights of the minority should not be treated as polar opposites when trying to fight the 'War on Terror'.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2011 12:48
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 11:14

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