The war against terrorism in south east Asia: Singapore's framework of counter-terrorism

Kie Hoon, Khoo (2005) The war against terrorism in south east Asia: Singapore's framework of counter-terrorism. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    Many analysts have pointed out that Southeast Asia is the 'Second Front' for terrorist operations after the September 11 incident in 2001. However, terrorism is not a new phenomenon in this region. The September 11, 2001 attacks by Al Qaeda had enormous and unanticipated consequences for the international system; a protracted international conflict has been re-introduced to the world since the end of the Cold War, it also signalled a new type of threat by non-state actors to governments and civilians, and called into doubts regarding the capacities and abilities of the governments, as well as the many accepted security and administrative practices; lastly, the attacks also highlighted that political, economic, social and cultural differences between various regions of the world can be translated into violence (Foreign Affairs, Canada, 2002). When Southeast Asia was named the 'Second Front' by the United States, and with the discovery Jemaah Islamiya in Singapore after the September 11 attacks, governments have noticed that regional cooperation is essential for countering transnational terror cells (Simon, 2003: 1). Interstate cooperation has centered on the Singapore-Malaysia-Indonesia nexus. September 11 has led to a new phase of counter-terrorism campaign in Southeast Asia with two main components: intra-regional cooperation and their collaboration with Western powers, chiefly the United States (Acharya, 2004: 141). Southeast Asian governments have recognised that regional cooperation is essential for countering transnational terrorism. However, interstate cooperation has faces a number of constraints due to the different perspectives and political restrictions of different countries, therefore making it difficult to work out a common response. Nevertheless, Southeast Asian governments have taken important steps to combat terrorism reducing the vulnerability of the region to terrorism (Australian Government, 2004: 61).

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2011 12:48
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 11:14
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/480

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