Are gender specific interventions necessary to meet the needs of female youth offenders? A critical literature review

Leach, Donna (2011) Are gender specific interventions necessary to meet the needs of female youth offenders? A critical literature review. BSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    In order to answer the dissertation question, relevant literature was reviewed to draw upon findings and views of authors in the area of youth justice and gender. Official statistics show an increase in female youth offending which has caused concern as to how offenders should be dealt with. Most research and evidence into ‘what works’ for offenders is based on the needs of boys because they make up the majority of offenders. However, research suggests girls and boys respond differently to interventions, and so it appears gender-specific interventions are necessary.

    Recommendations as to what gender-specific interventions should look like have been based on trends found in literature:

    Youth justice policy should make it clear how in practice practitioners should address the needs of girls.

    Interventions should have a strong theoretical and evidence-based framework based on research and knowledge of how origins of female offending behaviour is linked to pathways out of crime.

    Interventions should not be gender neutral.

    It should be a requirement that staff undertake sufficient training to better their knowledge of girls’ experiences and offending behaviour in order to meet complex needs.
    Current gender-specific interventions should be independently reviewed to discover whether outcomes for girls have improved.

    Interventions should promote anti-oppressive and anti-discriminatory practice by being sensitive to other factors such as class, race and culture, which also have an effect on girls’ experiences.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Science > School of Health Sciences and Social Work
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2011 09:12
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 11:40
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/4191

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