The DTTO: concerns for the future: an evaluation of the Drug Testing and Treatment Order

Walton, Kerry (2007) The DTTO: concerns for the future: an evaluation of the Drug Testing and Treatment Order. BSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    The concern over links between drug use and acquisitive crime has become a central debate within the drug-crime relationship. This concern has facilitated the implementation of drug strategies to treat problematic drug use, in the quest to reduce this link. The government in England and Wales implemented the Drug Testing and Treatment Order (DTTO) in 2000. However this Order has essentially been 'replaced' by the Drug Rehabilitation Requirement (DRR), which is attached to the Community Order. It is the primary criminal justice response to this concern today. However this sentence is relatively new, introduced April 2005, and therefore is little literature available. As such this dissertation focuses upon the DTTO. This dissertation aims to research the effectiveness of the DTTO and evaluate ethical concerns, in order to present 'concerns for the future' in drug treatment via the criminal justice system. The initial concern of this dissertation is relating the drug-crime relationship to the implementation of the Drug Treatment and Testing Order. This is in order to assess whether or not the DTTO understand and implements crucial aspects of the drug-crime relationship, and is achieved through analysis of criminological theories. The Drug Treatment and Testing Order (DTTO) is assessed in terms of implementation, efficiency, effectiveness and accessibility, and voices concerns by academics, professionals and the media to the practices and ethics of the DTTO. It is concluded that there are several theoretical, practical and ethical limitations to the DTTO. Suggestions are made that these limitations be addressed to create better, more effective treatment in the criminal justice system. It is found that the DTTO fails to fully implement practices which deal with the causes of the drug-crime connection and as such, should aim to incorporate a variety of interventions. Crucial to the success of treatment is an increased understanding and implementation of addiction and motivation theories and practices. This dissertation assumes that lessons can be learnt from the successes and failures of the DTTO and implemented into the current DRR.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2011 12:47
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 11:13

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