Religious extremism and political violence in Nigeria: the case of Boko Haram

Musa, Okanda Abdushakur (2016) Religious extremism and political violence in Nigeria: the case of Boko Haram. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    Boko Haram has been a major terrorist group that has plagued Nigeria since 2009. They have achieved global recognition through the increasing frequency of their attacks. Significantly, the abduction of over 200 students at Government College in Chibok has raised the importance, attention and seriousness attached to their practice. They are a religious extremist group that has metamorphosed into a political ground. The understanding of how they move from religious motivation to political motivation together with the counter-terrorism strategy adopted was the focus of this research.
    The research took the secondary data approach where the findings from scholars that have examined the group was used to buttress the initial critical analysis from the literature. Twelve articles were explored under our themes including Boko Haram causes and recruitment, Boko Haram operations, Boko Haram Counter-Terrorism Studies, and challenges in the count-terrorism implementation.
    From the research, it was discovered that religious motivation might be obvious in the beginning, but the political motive has driven the growth of the group. The reliance on military operation has not worked either, with a possible attack from Boko Haram still existing. The joint relationship with the military from neighbouring countries have increased the success rate.
    The need for a holistic approach where both military and other implementations such as dialogue. Economic investment, and a collaborative arrangement to restore peace in affected areas. The involvement of clerics and community leaders to counter the narrative that exists among the youths being targeted.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2017 15:08
    Last Modified: 21 Mar 2017 15:08
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/24451

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