The detection and profile of bribery in Norway and England and Wales: a comparative study

Andresen, Mari Sognnaes (2016) The detection and profile of bribery in Norway and England and Wales: a comparative study. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Prosecution of bribery cases is seen as an important measure in the global fight against corruption. This project examines how cases of bribery resulting in convictions in England, Wales [E&W] and Norway were detected. This is done using a mixed methods approach consisting of content analysis of a sample of cases as well as qualitative interviews. A sample of 75 cases from E&W, and 46 from Norway were collected through media searches and analysed in order to determine who detected them. The sample consists of a variety of cases, both in respect of profile and in terms of who detected the cases. Whistleblowers were found to be the group with most detection in E&W with 29%, whereas they only detected 15% of the cases in Norway. However, the content analysis may be inaccurate because of the available data, and whistleblowers might have been the initial source in more cases than what is captured in this analysis. This inaccuracy may explain the observed differences between the countries.
    The interviews showed that another explanation to the differences could be that detection of bribery sometimes is a complex process that involves many people. It can therefore be difficult to both find and define who initiated the case, especially when the analysis is based on data obtained from media sources. By contrast, the interviews provided rich data which allowed for a more in-depth analysis of the detection process. It was found that in several cases, the initial suspicions were not specified to bribery, but more in the direction of ‘something is wrong’. In order to detect more cases of bribery, this project recommends to apply a broad approach which encourage people to raise concern if they suspect any kind of economic misconduct. A main challenge with encouraging this behaviour seems to be protection and support of whistleblowers. Although both E&W and Norway have legislation protecting whistleblowers, many of the whistleblowers interviewed for this project described unfair treatment and economic loss as consequences of blowing the whistle. The main recommendations following this project are to establish a whistleblowers’ ombudsperson/office; establish better protection for contractors and suppliers who raise concern; and to create a culture of openness where people are encouraged to raise their concerns.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2017 12:54
    Last Modified: 21 Mar 2017 12:54

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