Cyber Fraud: to what extent does the United Kingdom (England & Wales) criminal justice system tackle online romance fraud?

Adekoya, Babatunde Adepoju (2016) Cyber Fraud: to what extent does the United Kingdom (England & Wales) criminal justice system tackle online romance fraud? MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    The use of the internet exposes every user of the dating websites, social networking sites and other platforms on the web to the risk of romance scam. The primary discovery from the content analysis is that the potential for romance on the web and the increasing patronage will always make the risk of romance scam be high. The variation in victims together with fundamental challenges has made it difficult for the criminal justice system to be effective.
    Both theoretical and content analysis provided insight into the challenges associated with the criminal justice system in the United Kingdom (UK). The content analysis was conducted for 60 publications of cyber crime cases in different newspapers in the UK. The content analysis provided various dimensions of information with great implication for the criminal justice system. It established that press reports focused predominantly on female victims of romance fraud rather than their male counterpart.
    The romantic demand and belief for individuals on some of these platforms enhance the likelihood of the crime. The persuasion Techniques was identified to remain highly relevant from the cases. The prevalence of fake profile in order to attract victims until the sting and continual scamming demonstrate the challenge for the criminal justice system.
    Victims would have sent money before informing the law enforcement agents. This has made the criminal justice system become reactive rather than becoming proactive and preventing the scam. Embarrassment and shame often limit the victims to report making it difficult to the criminal justice system to function. The prosecution is limited with the victims not particularly trusting the system to prosecute or refund their loss. Another challenge is the cross-border nature of the crime in which collaboration is imperative thereby making it important to accommodate the justice system in other countries.
    However, the impact of relatives and friends was discovered to have enhanced the process of prevention. Victims that have people around them who identify the symptoms or strange relationship on the web can be effective in the prevention of the crime. This demonstrated that the criminal justice system is struggling to be effective considering the complexity and variation in the crime occurrence, together with reduced reporting of victims before sending the money.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2017 12:46
    Last Modified: 21 Mar 2017 12:46
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/24439

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