Can the restorative approach reduce youth offending?

Helme, N. D. (2009) Can the restorative approach reduce youth offending? BSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    This dissertation used a literature review to trace the origins of the restorative approach in the western world. It then critically analysed the use of the Approach within the Youth Justice System in England and Wales, using a variety of mixed sources. It further observed by review the use of the approach in schools. Findings were then highlighted and potential improvements discussed to increase the impact of the restorative approach on youth offending in England and Wales.

    Whilst the Youth Justice Board has an uneasy dilemma of enforcement versus welfare, the restorative approach has a problem with regards to compulsory court orders versus offender’s voluntary reparation. There have been problems with the implementation of the restorative approach in English and Welsh schools, which led the writer to seek further examples of effective practice. Numerous successful examples were noted. However implementation is difficult and requires “readiness” and the need to “maintain motivation”. It does however reduce victimisation and the Youth Justice Board’s “dynamic risks” in schools. The best results are obtained using the “whole school approach” within a community of schools. Further training for staff and volunteers in the YOT is recommended to integrate the restorative philosophy into the system.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Science > School of Health Sciences and Social Work
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2011 10:26
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 11:26
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/2351

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