To what extent did propaganda influence the 1994 Rwandan genocide?

Moorman, Paul (2016) To what extent did propaganda influence the 1994 Rwandan genocide? BSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Over the course of 100 days in 1994 an estimated 1 million people, approximately 70% of the Tutsi population, were killed in Rwanda in an act of genocide undertaken with a ferocity that outpaced that of the Holocaust. There is an abundance of material which points towards the role of hate media as being a central driving force of the killing, in setting the tone for violence and explicitly directing it. Chiefly it is the radio station Radio-Television Libre des Mille Collines (RTLM) and the newspaper Kangura which are most frequently charged as the methods of delivery. In 2003, the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) found two journalists from RTLM and one journalist from Kangura guilty of inciting genocide, the first such conviction since WWII. However, there is another body of material which calls into question the supposed extent of the role of RTLM and Kangura and faults the apparent lack of social scientific evidence in this matter.
    This dissertation undertakes a literary based analysis that examines both viewpoints in relation to the potential role of hate media, before calling upon available evidence to suggest that the factor being considered should be greater than two media outlets, or indeed hate media per se, that rather consideration should be given to the role which the broader concept of propaganda may have played in fuelling and directing the state sponsored genocide. The research concludes that propaganda played a central role in the genocide and gives a recommendation for future research based upon this conclusion.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2017 16:38
    Last Modified: 20 Jan 2017 16:38

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