Stop and Search: Is it effective?: a study of effectiveness in suspicion based stop and searches in England and Wales

Jacobs, Gary Anthony (2016) Stop and Search: Is it effective?: a study of effectiveness in suspicion based stop and searches in England and Wales. BSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    Stop and search is a widely used and controversial power in many jurisdictions across the world. The aim of this dissertation is to explore effectiveness within suspicion based searches in England and Wales. The objectives are to identify measures of policing effectiveness and select those measures that best demonstrate stop and search effectiveness.
    The history of stop and search was explored and definitions of effectiveness and literature examined to find measures that test effectiveness of stop and search. The concept of procedural justice emerged as essential alongside the need to reduce disproportionality. Six measures were identified as relevant; public confidence, crime control, crime detection, disproportionality, arrest rates and other positive outcomes and they were critiqued for suitability for research, data availability, accuracy and ease of replication. It was found that the arrest rate together with other positive outcomes was the most appropriate.
    Southeastern forces were selected for data collection and analysis using the arrest rate and other positive outcome rate. A wide variation in rates is seen and the reasons behind are explored. The conclusion drawn is that using the measures of arrest and other positive outcomes, stop and search is not shown to be effective within the concept of ‘good enough’ policing. Procedural justice was not achieved and for the legitimacy of stop and search this must be achieved alongside proportionality.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2017 16:02
    Last Modified: 20 Jan 2017 16:02
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/22760

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