Caught offside: an exploration of the effect that sports participation may have on the prevalence of youth offending

Thomas, Kerry (2016) Caught offside: an exploration of the effect that sports participation may have on the prevalence of youth offending. BSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    This dissertation explores the possible effect between youth sports participation and a reduction in youth offending, through a review of the existing literature and secondary data analysis. Youth crime is a costly area of the Criminal Justice System, and sports-based interventions have long been promoted as a method of reducing the prevalence of youth crime. However, limited research also suggests that general sports participation can impact upon offending. This dissertation therefore aims to add value to the existing literature, and determine whether any specific features of participation could have an effect on youth offending.
    The Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime (ESYTC) was a longitudinal study conducted on 4597 children aged 11.5-12.5 years who began secondary school in the 1998. Although the ESYTC was a mixed methods study, this dissertation used the data gathered from the 1998-2001 waves of the youth self-­report questionnaires. Original variables used in the ESYTC and newly grouped and coded variables created from the original data were used to explore the possible effect that sports participation may have on the likelihood of youth offending.
    It was found that the lack of an effect between sports participation and involvement in crime suggests that sports participation alone cannot reduce youth offending. However, analyses conducted in this dissertation show that the presence of adults at a sports club and a high level of self-esteem - significantly related to those who participated in sports frequently - were associated with a decrease in levels of offending. This dissertation ultimately concluded that sports could be used as part of a prevention or reduction strategy for youth offending, provided they were run and organised effectively, such as in the presence of positive role models.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2016 09:42
    Last Modified: 19 Oct 2016 09:42

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