An evaluation of the antipoverty programmes of ‘Pink Tide’ governments: a comparative study of Brazil and Venezuela

Cseriová, Tímea (2016) An evaluation of the antipoverty programmes of ‘Pink Tide’ governments: a comparative study of Brazil and Venezuela. BA dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    After decades of conservative governments in Latin America during the Cold War period, there has been a radical shift in the political scene of the continent since the end of the twentieth century. Countries, marred by persistent high rates of inequality, have started to move to the left. This so-called ‘Pink Tide’ began with the election of Hugo Chávez as president of Venezuela in 1998 and has spread across the whole of Latin America. However, recent losses for the left in Venezuela and Argentina and impeachment attempts in Brazil indicate that after almost twenty years this ‘tide’ might be over. Therefore, this is an interesting time to examine the left in Latin America and see whether it can survive amid less favourable conditions (given the present economic crisis) than at its outset.
    For the purpose of this dissertation Brazil and Venezuela have been chosen as case studies and the main aim has been to evaluate their antipoverty programmes within the broader picture of the ’Pink Tide’. In order to provide a solid starting point for the whole analysis, the dissertation will begin with the historical background and the argument of Jorge Castañeda about the two lefts in Latin America (Chapter 2). The following chapters will endeavour to critically compare the Venezuelan and Brazilian case studies by examining the circumstances under which the left came to power in the two countries (Chapter 3), highlighting the differences between the social policies of the left and the previous administrations (Chapter 4) and discussing ‘Bolsa Família’ and the ‘misiones’, the main antipoverty programmes (Chapter 5). Additionally, the concept of ‘twenty-first century socialism’ will be introduced to provide a wider context for the antipoverty programmes in Venezuela.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Languages and Area Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2016 12:48
    Last Modified: 18 Oct 2016 12:48

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