Corruption; crime or culture?: a comparative study of perception versus prevalence of corruption between the United Kingdom and Nigeria

Johnson, Sharon (2015) Corruption; crime or culture?: a comparative study of perception versus prevalence of corruption between the United Kingdom and Nigeria. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    This study evaluated the existence of corruption and whether sociological factors affect the perception of criminal wrongdoing. It aimed to explore the relationship between cultural diversity and conceptualisations of corruption and its associated legislation and judicial penalties. This was achieved through research into perception versus prevalence. Two culturally diverse countries were evaluated for comparative purposes, namely the United Kingdom and Nigeria. These two nations were chosen, as comparison of a western society with a traditional tribal culture was deemed a valuable evaluation. This was a literature-based study and all research material used was secondary data from a wide range of academic sources.
    The study examined the history of relevant legislation, exploring the political and sociological influence, resulting in the evolution into the statutes in place today. The parameters of corruption offences were explored as well as how the two societies experience divergent levels of tolerance with different elements. The study found that nepotism and cronyism presented considerably different issues across the two nations, highlighting specific sociological factors, particular to the culture.
    Both the perception and the prevalence of corruption differed greatly between the two nations, with the United Kingdom found to suffer incidental corruption whilst in Nigeria the issue is believed to be endemic. Furthermore, corruption in Nigeria was evident throughout society and experienced by every stratum. However, the situation in the UK was somewhat different, as society was found to be more likely to have been exposed to reports of corruption within the media, rather than have first-hand experience.
    The study found that global homogeny could only be possible if the ethics and practices of one culture are transposed internationally. As such, the dominance of western business practices on the global market would suggest this template would be required for every culture, regardless of local customs and tradition.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2016 12:21
    Last Modified: 22 Feb 2016 12:21
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/19859

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