Ex armed forces personnel in the criminal justice system: a comparison of models of intervention from the United States of America and England and Wales for this offender group

Swindles, Deborah (2015) Ex armed forces personnel in the criminal justice system: a comparison of models of intervention from the United States of America and England and Wales for this offender group. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    The study of ex-armed forces personnel in the criminal justice system is relevant to public interest and the development of services and interventions offered by the National Probation Service. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate current interventions offered to veterans in the criminal justice in England and Wales and compare them with targeted interventions offered in the United States of America (U.S.A). The research was conducted using a small sale survey that was distributed to Offender Managers in the North West region of England who are employed in Probation offices within Greater Manchester. The data collected from respondents was a mixture of both qualitative and quantitative data. The main findings of the study reveal that the veteran’s courts of the U.S.A offer an organised package of support and intervention to offenders with military backgrounds. The most common offence types for veterans in the criminal justice system is domestic violence with other serious violent and sexual offences making up over half of the findings in this area of the study. The survey also discovers a link between offending behaviour and emotional well-being issues, relationships and substance misuse. The findings suggest that there are links between military experiences and offending behaviour. The use of veteran partnership agencies and office Armed Forces Special Point of Contact’s are explored and findings reveal that these areas of intervention are not being utilised effectively by Offender Managers. The study also identifies that Offender Managers do not feel equipped with the necessary skills to identify the symptoms of PTSD and are not confident about delivering interventions to those service users diagnosed with PTSD. It is hoped that this thesis will prove a valuable insight into the effectiveness of current interventions offered to ex-armed forces personnel within the criminal justice system in England and Wales.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2016 12:06
    Last Modified: 22 Feb 2016 12:06
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/19856

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