Putin’s energy: foreign policy, the ‘energy weapon’, and Ukraine

Sims, Katherine (2015) Putin’s energy: foreign policy, the ‘energy weapon’, and Ukraine. BA dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    This dissertation challenges the popular media assumption that President Vladimir Putin uses energy as a political weapon to achieve foreign policy objectives. It compares this popular media assumption and neoclassical realism with neoliberalism. However, the dissertation adopts the latter to argue that economic interdependence restricts and deters energy from being used in this way; the Russian Federation is dependent on energy revenues for up to 61 per cent of its total export earnings. Therefore ceasing the energy trade could potentially prove fatal to the Russian domestic economy, destabilising Russian politics and society. This would also prove counterproductive to Putin’s fundamental foreign policy objectives of ensuring economic growth, and strengthening Russia’s great power status. The dissertation analyses the political and economic factors and motivations in the Russo-Ukrainian gas disputes of 2006 and 2009, which has been accused as punishment in response to the Orange Revolution in Ukraine in 2004. Although these two disputes uncover political aspects to the energy trade, economic motives dominate the causes of conflict. It argues that Putin’s energy and foreign policy imply objectives of further integration with the international community and to advance areas of cooperation.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Social, Historical and Literary Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2015 15:13
    Last Modified: 04 Aug 2015 15:13
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/17953

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