The echo which set off the avalanche: shaping the landscape. the role of INGOs in diffusing norms to shape world politics: Amnesty International and the death penalty Campaign.

Hostein, Amandine (2015) The echo which set off the avalanche: shaping the landscape. the role of INGOs in diffusing norms to shape world politics: Amnesty International and the death penalty Campaign. BA dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    On the international stage, International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs), such as Amnesty International, assume the leading role of norm entrepreneurs in diffusing norms. They achieve this through their main driving mechanisms of global issue framing, shaming, strategic use of political opportunities, and mobilization of resources. The choice of topic results from the need to understand the influential role of INGOs in world politics. Unlike states, they do not rely on warfare or economic power to persuade other states to cooperate with them. Instead, they rely on their widely recognized normative power. This dissertation adds to the established research on INGOs by investigating the intangible nature, origins and functioning of norms.
    To determine the extent to which INGOs influence international political outcomes through norm diffusion, the theoretical underpinning and the historic socio-ideational roots of their expansion are established. This understanding is enhanced by developing a norm dynamic which is composed of four stages: interaction between individuals, norm emergence, norm institutionalization and norm internalization. Deconstructing norm diffusion enables the uncovering of the driving mechanisms of norm entrepreneurs. These mechanisms are applied to the death penalty campaign of Amnesty International (A.I) who is particularly unique in its scope through an internationally recognized expertise and diverse membership of 7 million worldwide. Therefore, it performs the role of a leading norm entrepreneur in world politics. This analysis verifies the significant role of A.I as a norm entrepreneur, and consequently this dissertation reasserts the importance of INGOs in shaping international political outcomes.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Languages and Area Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2015 14:59
    Last Modified: 04 Aug 2015 14:59
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/17950

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