The power of dogmatic ideology: religious totalitarianism vs. morally bankrupt relativism

Heinesen, Rosa (2015) The power of dogmatic ideology: religious totalitarianism vs. morally bankrupt relativism. BA dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    This dissertation is an investigation into the effects of dogmatic ideology in relation to politics and international relations. The aim is to decipher the way in which ideology shapes incentives and rationales for destructive behaviour. Through critical comparative analysis of second hand sources it identifies the pervasive dogmas in Western as well as Islamic societies and examines the influence they have on the individual, society and the wider world. Lastly, the possibilities for countering dogma are discussed with reference to identifiable obstacles as well as hypothetically counterbalancing principles.
    I argue that dogmatism plays a decisive role in guiding behaviour, and that the implications thereof are underestimated in conventional conflict theory. Furthermore, I establish that neoliberalism may be defined as the dogma of the West, and that combined with American exceptionalism and neoconservatism, it has eroded away democratic principles and thereby paved the way for lawless policies. I also argue that the violence we see from Islamist movements is undeniably guided by religious dogma, rather than merely by historic, political, economic and social grievances. Finally, considering the anti-democratic and anti-liberal characteristics of both camps and the implications thereof, my counter narrative is based on the potential of liberalism as defined by John Stuart Mill.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Social, Historical and Literary Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2015 14:55
    Last Modified: 04 Aug 2015 14:55
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/17949

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