To what extent would it be accurate to describe Franco’s treatment of the Catalans in the years 1939 – 1975 as an attempted cultural genocide?

Martin, Elizabeth (2015) To what extent would it be accurate to describe Franco’s treatment of the Catalans in the years 1939 – 1975 as an attempted cultural genocide? BA dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

[img] PDF
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (940kB)

    Abstract

    The twentieth century saw Spain subjected to a brutal thirty six year dictatorship that lasted from 1939 - 1975 at the hands of Francisco Franco. The purpose of this dissertation is to understand how the region of Catalonia was affected by Franco’s actions. This has been achieved through using oral history as a principal research method, the virtues and limitations of oral history will be discussed. This research will also draw upon personal experiences of living, working and travelling in Catalonia as well as reviewing the existing literature.

    Franco believed that Spain should be ‘Una, grande y libre’ (One, Great and Free) but how could this come to be if Catalonia possessed strong nationalistic tendencies and had a long and distinguished history of fighting for independence from Spain?

    This study has been divided into three main chapters. The first focuses on how Catalans differ from Spaniards in terms of culture, language and history. The second chapter aims to establish whether parallels can be drawn between Franco’s attempted suffocation of the Catalan language and culture, and the theory of ‘cultural genocide’. The final chapter will argue that, although undeniably Catalans suffered greatly as a result of Franco’s actions, that the term ‘cultural genocide’ is too strong.

    To conclude, while the first two decades of the dictatorship could be defined as an attempted cultural genocide, resources did not allow intensity to continue. It would appear that the degree of severity was less than some would claim. Therefore, it would not be appropriate to use a single term in order to describe the dictatorship as a whole, due to its longevity.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Languages and Area Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2015 15:01
    Last Modified: 08 Jul 2015 15:01
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/17640

    Actions (login required)

    View Item

    Document Downloads

    More statistics for this item...