An analytical review into the United Kingdom’s response to human trafficking and the un-policed borders

Lissenden, Yvonne (2015) An analytical review into the United Kingdom’s response to human trafficking and the un-policed borders. BSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    This dissertation investigates how effectively the United Kingdoms (UK) borders are policed against human trafficking, otherwise referred to as trafficking in persons. It is divided into four chapters which are not only connected but designed to explain what is meant by human trafficking, and to give an analytical review of the UK’s response. This includes a focused literature review of up-to-date written publications and highlights the need for a more robust, coordinated, effectively and appropriately resourced response in the areas of intelligence; training; awareness; law enforcement; corruption and political responsibility.
    This is achieved by reviewing a cross section of sources including Government, Non-Government Organisations (NGOs), media and academia ensuring the inclusion of all available information from a diverse range of interested parties who are proactively engaged in this growing politically sensitive phenomenon. The dissertation concludes with observations and areas for further research, which could prove beneficial when working towards an improved response.
    Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs) in the UK appear to have a ‘confused’ and disjointed approach towards human trafficking, compared to other types of criminality, such as drugs trafficking for example. The Government have tasked various NGOs to conduct research on their behalf to establish where legislation can be either introduced or amended.
    This work includes a focused literature review and analysis of secondary data. The secondary data sources used to gather the information required for this research will consist of statistical information and written literature obtained from Government websites, charitable organisations aimed at human trafficking, LEAs, researchers, academics and other relevant data bases.
    It is globally recognised that there is a link between organized crime, corruption, globalisation and global security; which is a major issue for the UK (Kelly, 2005, p. 252). England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, each employ different approaches towards human trafficking, particularly in the areas of law enforcement and the UK Border Agency (UKBA). This dissertation concludes that despite some positive moves in the right direction, the UK still has more work to do to ensure effective policing in the fight against human trafficking across and within her borders.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Beth Atkins
    Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2015 12:20
    Last Modified: 30 Jun 2015 12:20
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/17511

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