Violence against women: a literature review

Stylioti, Maria (2015) Violence against women: a literature review. BSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    There have been many years since the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states clearly that "all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights "and that everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration without any distinction, especially based on sex. The international community is committed to protect these rights through a variety of conditions and policy commitments. Particular mention should be made to violence against women, a global, ancient and timeless phenomenon that has emerged in recent decades thanks to the struggles of feminists, activists and sensitive people.
    The issue of violence against women in the past fifteen years has been the centre of attention in both scientific and political level. Violence against women is considered as the suppression of human rights (Calder, 2004, p.1) and has negative consequences on the victim and other family members (Romito, 2008, p.1). Studies and research (Hughes, 1988, 1992, Jaffe et al. 1990, Abrahams 1994, McGee 2000, Geffner et al. 2003, Hester et al 2007, McQuigg, 2011) have shown that these effects significantly have impact on their health, physical, psychological and emotional well being.
    Significantly, violence against women is one of the most widespread and suppressed form of violence used all over the world which receives great attention from many researchers in recent years (World Health Organization, 2002). Violence against women constitutes serious violation of human rights and an offence against of human dignity. It turns to be a serious problem and a global phenomenon that has effect on societies all over the world and on social orders and influences women of any age regardless educative and economic level.
    Violence against women is one of the most malignant human rights abuses (McCue, 2008) because it is perpetrated not by strangers, but from members from the same family, from trusted people. It is widespread throughout the world, affecting the physical and emotional health of women, threatening their economic security and undermining their self-esteem and ability to smooth development. In the worst cases it is a threat to life when women are murdered or commit suicide out of desperation.
    This literature review of research on violence against women aims to identify every form of violence against women and their root causes. Furthermore, it will attempt to explain the impact that violence has on women who experience it and to examine what can be done to address this menace.
    This dissertation claims that violence again women is a major public health and social problem requiring considerable attention, as it entails severe physical, psychological, social and emotional consequences. Violence is a common and complex problem which receives much attention from many researchers in recent years (World Health Organization 2002). It is worth noting that there is not a specific and generally accepted definition of violence (Steen and Hunskaar, 2003). Instead, violence takes many definitions (Krantz et al. 2004). This can be explained partly by the fact that violence takes many forms, some of which are domestic violence, sexual, psychological, emotional, physical and several other forms presented at times. In the dissertation there is an attempt to understand the phenomenon of violence against women and the forms it takes, as shown through the work and definitions set by the international literature.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Beth Atkins
    Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2015 12:28
    Last Modified: 30 Jun 2015 12:28
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/17505

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