Police trust, confidence, legitimacy and procedural justice: policing as a causal factor in the 2011 English summer riots

Reynolds, David (2015) Police trust, confidence, legitimacy and procedural justice: policing as a causal factor in the 2011 English summer riots. BSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Trust, confidence, legitimacy and procedural justice are important factors in how the public view and perceive the police. This dissertation explored these concepts, discussing what it means to hold trust and confidence, before addressing what it means to be legitimate and procedurally just. It also identified the effect each of these concepts has on public perceptions of the police and also officer’s self-perceptions through self-legitimacy.
    The dissertation then focused on the English summer riots that occurred during August 2011 and are considered to be the worst case of civil unrest in a generation. In an attempt to understand the riots, the author focused on a variety of contributing factors which have been voiced during academic studies, these include strong feelings of injustice and inequality, not just towards the death of Mark Duggan but also in relation to governmental policy decisions, unemployment and a general disillusionment regarding wider social change.
    The police, who have been accused of unfair and disproportionate treatment towards members of the public, especially youths and those in minority ethnic communities, have also been discussed. The findings have been linked to the concepts of trust, confidence, legitimacy and procedural justice, opening a debate as to what extent policing can be blamed as a causal factor in the disturbances. The author concludes with the assessment that policing was a key causal factor in the riots, due to the public’s perception of procedural injustice, ineffective policing (influencing trust and confidence) and police legitimacy affecting the public’s willingness to cooperate, defer and follow police directives.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Beth Atkins
    Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2015 12:29
    Last Modified: 30 Jun 2015 12:29
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/17501

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