Civilians with guns: an examination of private security companies and their status under international humanitarian law

McCallum, Gary (2013) Civilians with guns: an examination of private security companies and their status under international humanitarian law. BSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    Civilians with guns: An examination of private security companies and their status under international humanitarian law is designed to gain a practical insight into UK Private Security Companies (PSCs) in post (2003) war Iraq, including perspectives of practitioners on where government regulation is weak, failed or in conflict. The paper discusses differences between PSCs and PMCs; what regulations are in place under International Humanitarian Law to include the status of the PSC?; practical issues that impacted PSC credibility and operations; and did the UK SIA have an impact on the industry in Iraq?
    The practitioners participating in the research suggested that there was inappropriate law and legislation to govern PSCs in Iraq post 2003. It is concluded that, among these provisions, the CPA Memorandum 17 issued by L. Paul Bremer III providing immunity from prosecution leading to abuses under International Humanitarian Law (IHL) was utterly wrong. Yet it is also argued that there is an important social role for PSCs within appropriate regulatory frameworks.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Beth Atkins
    Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2015 14:31
    Last Modified: 06 Mar 2015 14:31
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/16886

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