Evolution of the maritime security threat and the changing modus operandi of private military & security companies

Lucas, Anthony (2014) Evolution of the maritime security threat and the changing modus operandi of private military & security companies. BSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    This study has focused on the current Maritime Security threat that has escalated at an alarming rate along the littoral areas of many countries, along major sea routes as well as large oceans. Due to this, there has also been a substantial increase in the number of Private Military and Security Companies providing a variety of security services to the maritime industry. This study has therefore focused on identifying the current maritime security threat and how Private Military and Security Companies have responded by providing various services.
    Chapter 3 addresses the current maritime situation with regards to piracy. By conducting an analysis of secondary data collated by the International Maritime Bureau, the study confirms that the current high-risk areas include the Gulf of Guinea and specifically Nigeria as well as the surrounding area and oceans close to Somalia. Due to the increase in piracy occurring around the east coast of Africa, the International community responded by establishing a Naval presence within the area. This also resulted with Private Military and Security Companies providing specialist security services to the maritime industry.
    Chapter 4 discusses Private Military and Security Companies and their definition, classification, structure and the specialist security services that they provide. Executive Outcomes and their successes within Angola and Sierra Leone are identified as being at the ‘tip of the spear’ by providing ‘offensive’ security services. However with the changing market, Private Military and Security Companies have become more corporate focused and now provide a variety of specialist security services that are further from the ‘tip of the spear’.
    Chapter 5 specifically discusses the specialist security services that are provided to the maritime industry due to the growth of piracy in several high-risk areas. A variety of services can be provided including threat and risk assessments, developing comprehensive security plans, providing either a consultant or teams of unarmed or armed security personnel as well as providing dedicated security escort vessels.
    Chapter 6 concludes with an examination of the piracy threat and how the International Community and Private Military and Security Companies have assisted in reducing piracy off the east coast of Africa. Despite this, current reports confirm that the number of attacks have increased in other areas including Nigeria and Indonesia.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Beth Atkins
    Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2015 14:39
    Last Modified: 06 Mar 2015 14:39
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/16875

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