Incidents of assault in the night time economy: the influence of supervision, training and culture upon officer decision

Fleming, James (2014) Incidents of assault in the night time economy: the influence of supervision, training and culture upon officer decision. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    This dissertation investigates the underpinnings of the arrest-decisions by front-line police officers at incidents of assault in the Night Time Economy. A qualitative approach was utilized, drawing primary data from field-work at three eastern Canadian services; an extensive search of previous literature provided relevant secondary data. The study sought to provide some understanding of why such arguably common occurrences may be handled by officers in a wide variety of ways – the results add another perspective to the literature relevant to NTE violence, and may be of use by administrators, supervisors and trainers towards improvements in policing practice and public safety. Specific scrutiny was given to the influences of training, supervision and culture. The study found that the majority of officers can recall little, if any, formal training in the theory, application or implications of discretion; most importantly, including the theorization that front-line police decisions define street-level policy. Further, due to a dearth of organizational and supervisory direction, officers learn how they might administer a bar-assault from others in their work-group; illustrated by the predominance of personal and shared perceptions towards the victim including a subjective determination of the seriousness of the assault. The implications of officer work-load, along with suggestions of avoidance and misconduct were also identified. The research provides recommendations toward improving practice through training and organizational direction specific to bar-assault, which would include input from all actors participating in the NTE.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Beth Atkins
    Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2015 10:43
    Last Modified: 06 Feb 2015 10:43
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/16694

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