To what extent did president Franklin D. Roosevelt's new deal have an impact on the politics of North Carolina?

Leach, Jessica (2014) To what extent did president Franklin D. Roosevelt's new deal have an impact on the politics of North Carolina? BA dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    In 1929, the United States faced an economy catastrophe in the form of the Great Depression. Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected as president in 1932, embarking on a series of economic, social and political relief policies, known as the New Deal. The New Deal consisted of liberal reform programs that faced controversies and resistance, particularly within the South. The South was the worst hit region of the nation in terms of poverty, unemployment and agricultural suffering, and the state of North Carolina was no exception to the dire conditions. This dissertation provides a local study of the New Deal’s significance on North Carolina, with a narrow focus on the relationship between the New Deal and the political structure of the state government. North Carolina had a political system that was cemented in the South’s traditional system of old conservative politics, which formed the basis of the state’s relations, reaction and response to President Roosevelt’s policies during the 1930s. The leaders of the state government during the 1930s pragmatically supported the liberal reform policies, translating Roosevelt’s program to maintain the conservative interests of the pro-business Southern officials. However, in the late 1930s, a conservative coalition formed within US Congress, with one of the South’s most powerful and prominent senators at its head, Senator Josiah W. Bailey of North Carolina. Senator Bailey essentially brought conservative resistance to the New Deal from the state level to the federal level, meaning North Carolina was at the heart of Southern opposition to President Roosevelt. North Carolina politics were dominated by a conservative alliance of pro-business traditionalists, whose fundamental ideology clashed with the liberal programs of the New Deal. This dissertation argues that sweeping political change was avoided in North Carolina throughout the 1930s, despite the revolutionary reform programs of the federal government.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Languages and Area Studies
    Depositing User: Beth Atkins
    Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2014 11:29
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 12:45

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