Does legalising prostitution help reduce sex trafficking?

Scully, David (2014) Does legalising prostitution help reduce sex trafficking? BSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    It is widely recognised that government policies can have consequences which may not have been envisaged or intended by those who designed them. With this in mind, this dissertation will investigate the effects of two contrasting prostitution policies on the related, yet separate, phenomenon of sex trafficking. England & Wales, which operates an abolitionist prostitution policy, and The Netherlands, which has relatively recently adopted a policy of legalisation, are the two countries that have been selected for this study. Through a comparative study of these two countries’ historical and contemporary prostitution policies, this dissertation will assess the ways in which current policy impacts upon the policing of sex trafficking and the experiences of trafficked women. This will be supported by an overview of the phenomenon of human trafficking, which will include a discussion of the differences between smuggling and trafficking, the organisation and operation of trafficking groups and the counter-trafficking strategies of the two countries at the centre of this study, and an analysis of the relationship between sex trafficking and prostitution.
    In assessing the claims of the governments of E&W and NL that their contrasting prostitution policies are effective in combating sex trafficking, this study found that the Dutch policy of legalisation provides a much more satisfactory framework when compared to the abolitionist policies of E&W. Additionally, NL’s policy was found to be based on a wider range of academic discourses and have a sounder evidence base, whilst in comparison, policy makers in E&W have been criticised for pursuing a moralising agenda based on a narrow range of evidence.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Beth Atkins
    Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2014 08:45
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 12:44
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/15899

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