Why do looked after children have higher rates of teenage pregnancy?: a literature review critically analysing influential and contributory factors

Walker, Linsey Jane (2014) Why do looked after children have higher rates of teenage pregnancy?: a literature review critically analysing influential and contributory factors. BSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    In 2001, UNICEF (cited by Tyrer, Chase, Warwick and Aggleton, 2005) identified that the UK had the highest rate of teenage pregnancy within Europe. Studies have shown that 41% of females with in the care system aged 15-17 years old are mothers, a figure that is three times higher than the average female under the age of 18 (Department of Education and Skills, 2005, cited by NHS, 2011). This leads to the question; “Why Do Looked after Children Have Higher Rates of Teenage Pregnancy?”
    The author conducted secondary research in the form of a literature review of academic journals. This enabled the identification of themes which were found to influence teenage pregnancy rates within individuals who have grown up within the care system in the United Kingdom.
    The literature review revealed four main themes including education, support networks, trust and self-esteem, and building a family. The key themes were demonstrated to be interlinked and had a degree of influence on each other.
    The author has recommended that looked after children’s practical and emotional needs should be fully addressed to enable the reduction of teenage pregnancy. There is a strong requirement to equip individuals with tools to enable them make informed decisions and provide robust support to minimalise incidences of exploitation, whilst individual’s right to autonomy and choice should be respected and supported should they decide to start their own family.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Science > School of Health Sciences and Social Work
    Depositing User: Beth Atkins
    Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2014 13:51
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 12:40
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/15404

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