A study of the effects of, and attitudes towards current planning policy and legislation on development in areas designated as having an actual and forecast flood risk

Organ, Christopher (2013) A study of the effects of, and attitudes towards current planning policy and legislation on development in areas designated as having an actual and forecast flood risk. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    Recent decades have seen a combination for factors that has brought flooding and its consequences to the fore. Flood events are predicted to cost the UK £1billion per year, taking lives and damaging property. This has resulted in increased interest from governments and stakeholders such as the insurance industry. Increased media coverage has combined with an ever present dialogue about global warming, its causes and effects, culminating in the publishing by the Department For Rural Affairs (DEFRA) document, “making Space For Water” in 2004, and ultimately a series of policy changes designed to direct development towards areas at least risk of flooding.
    The flood plain makes up 12% of England’s total land area and contains 8% of all properties, including many of England’s major ports, towns and cities. Added to this, historic land restrictions, such as the “Greenbelt”, has constrained development. But despite restrictive policies in place development, driven by market forces and land values has continued apace. And much criticism has been directed at developers for promoting development in flood risk areas, and government and Local Planning Authorities for allowing it to happen.
    The purpose of this research project is to offer an insight into how policy functions and identifying who and what influences that policy and decisions made at a local level. In doing to it is hoped to better understand the additional risks that a developer might have to consider when developing in flood risk areas.
    This has been delivered through a case study that incorporated an extensive review of literature and secondary research covering policy, developers risk and key influences on these elements. Primary data was gathered though a series of in depth interviews that were cross referenced against the secondary data gathered.
    These methods showed that in many ways, although policy is restrictive, many stakeholders are complicit in looking to water down policy driven by pressures such as housing demand. There is also a pervading sense that some stakeholders, including planners and government, believe the current policy employed is at times is inappropriate and although there is agreement with its overriding objective, there is also room for a more flexible approach. From a developer’s perspective, this research gave the opportunity to identify associated risks associated with developing in flood risk areas and evolve a framework of advice for limiting that risk.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Technology > School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
    Depositing User: Beth Atkins
    Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2014 09:08
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 12:39
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/15184

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