Evaluating the efficiency of lining traditional open canal system of Kurdistan-Iraq, and investigating alternative system for long-term sustainable use of irrigation water resources

Khoshnaw, Diyar (2013) Evaluating the efficiency of lining traditional open canal system of Kurdistan-Iraq, and investigating alternative system for long-term sustainable use of irrigation water resources. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    The severe competition for limited water resources between urban, and agricultural uses has created a pressing need to improve water efficiency in agricultural projects not only to improve productivity of the water but more importantly, to provide the saved water for alternative uses. Water managers are challenged to meet these different and often conflicting demands. In other words, how can water resources systems become more integrated and sustainable? The dependency of Iraq on the Kurdistan’s water resources is anticipated to increase in the future. This is mainly due to the most extensive use of upstream of the major tributaries of the Tigris and Euphrates by the countries in the neighbourhood such as Turkey, Iran and Syria. The numerous numbers of dams on the rivers had an impact on the amount and rate of water flowing into Kurdistan. Therefore, water demand for irrigation may consist of more than (75%) of the total amount of water required in these countries. Canal networks to convey, distribute and apply water to agricultural land have been the most common method in use for many years. The aim of this research is to compare the irrigation systems in Kurdistan-Iraq using artificial open canals to the piping system used in Murray Darling Basin in Australia (Loxton project), in order to recommend short and long term sustainable irrigation systems in Kurdistan. This research is based on finds identified from the above investigations while the research scale is narrowed down to small groups with no more than 142 expert engineers in the Ministry of Agriculture and water Resources. Recommendations are given with the objective to improve the water supply from sources to the farmers as a result of evaluating the implementation of pipe system for irrigation, monitoring and reporting process in Kurdistan similar to the one used in Loxton irrigation rehabilitation project in Australia for efficient and sustainable usage of irrigation water.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Technology > School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
    Depositing User: Beth Atkins
    Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2014 09:20
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 12:39
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/15158

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