Managing paediatric dental snxiety: pharmacological vs behavioural management methods

Bellfield, Lucy (2013) Managing paediatric dental snxiety: pharmacological vs behavioural management methods. BSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Aims: To carry out a review of current literature surrounding management of paediatric dental anxiety; pharmacological versus behavioural methods. To evaluate if the techniques are effective in reducing dental anxiety in children and whether one(s) are considered more effective compare with the others.

    Methods: A broad online database search to ascertain how much literature is currently available on the wider subject of dental anxiety was carried out. A number of databases and online sites were searched for publications in the English language: Ebsco, ScienceDirect, Web of Knowledge, Wiley, PubMed, The Cochrane Collaboration and Google Scholar. Further search criteria was added using a combination of terms. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were also used to help narrow down and identify potential relevant papers.

    Analysis: 5 papers were then critically appraised using the CASP framework and used to inform this review. The papers were compared and discussed, conclusions drawn and recommendations made. Due to restricted access to some papers and limited word count, this review is limited.

    Conclusion: No definitive conclusion can be drawn as each technique has its advantages and disadvantages. Despite this, the techniques should not be completely disregarded and underutilised in practice. Many, if used correctly, can be very effective and make the experience of treating paediatric patients much more pleasant for both the clinician and patient.

    Recommendations: The methods of management discussed in this review should be utilised where opportunity allows as none caused harm or detriment to the patients experience. The literature on this topic is spare and inconsistent and more thorough research on all methods needs to be carried out to address any confounding factors.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Portsmouth Dental Academy
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2013 15:41
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 12:30

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