Rape myths and early victimology theories:the impact and effect on the implementation of reforms and the conceptualisation of rape victims

Rowham, Amye (2013) Rape myths and early victimology theories:the impact and effect on the implementation of reforms and the conceptualisation of rape victims. BSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    This research aimed to examine whether or not recent reforms introduced to improve services to victims of rape and sexual assault have been successful, and whether rape myths and early victimology theories still affect the conceptualisation of victims, and the way they are responded to. The qualitative data obtained from semi-structured interviews with 5 professionals who work with victims of rape and sexual assault was examined.
    It is argued that professional practice has improved but the negative attitudes held by some front line police officers, are preventing reforms being fully implemented. Furthermore, it was indentified that responsibility for victimisation is still placed on the victim, indicating rape myths and early victimology theories are still affecting the way victims are conceptualised and responded to, by some professionals. This was particularly evident when the victim had consumed large amounts of alcohol or had acted in a way which violated socially defined feminine roles. Encouragingly, the research also found that some reforms have been successfully implemented, for example the introduction of Sexual Assault Referral Centres and the implementation of Rape and Serious Sexual Offences units within the Crown Prosecution Service. Overall, the research identified significant improvements to the services available, but it is argued that the societal view of women, victim blaming attitudes and rape myths still hinder successful reform. Until these views change, rape victims will not receive truly reformed services.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2013 15:04
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 12:26
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/12666

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