KazAral Sea: policy interventions and fisher livelihoods in Kyzylorda region, Kazakhstan

Paivina, Alisa (2010) KazAral Sea: policy interventions and fisher livelihoods in Kyzylorda region, Kazakhstan. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    The paper analyses the way fisheries livelihoods of Kyzylorda region, Kazakhstan have evolved following desiccation of the Aral Sea and the collapse of the former Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics in 1991. The ecologic problems of Aral region are introduced at a glance focusing on the past, current and potential policy interventions considering the complexity of the political scene in the Aral Sea Basin shared by seven Central Asian States. The document examines the initiatives endeavoured by the Government of Kazakhstan in order to ensure sustainable use of renewed resource base and well-being of adjacent livelihoods following the success of the joint project of the Government of Kazakhstan and the World Bank resulting in partial restoration of the North Aral Sea. In particular, the attention is drawn to Kyzylorda regional programme for fisheries development 2010-2020 intended to increase the fish production in the Aral Sea – Syr Darya region through attracting private investors to the sector. The paper investigates the proposed Programme using the “five capital model” assessing Kyzylorda region households’ accessibility to resources and livelihood opportunities. Examples are given of state and non‐governmental initiatives attempting to revive the fisheries in the Aral, along with the coping strategies that have evolved for those households which have been traditionally deriving income from the fisheries sector. The concluding chapter discusses the findings and anticipates the need for further inter‐governmental co‐operation and research.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Department of Geography
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2011 17:13
    Last Modified: 24 Jul 2015 10:10
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/1092

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