The management of native oysters (Ostrea edulis) within the Solent: the perception of the fishing community

Goode, David (2010) The management of native oysters (Ostrea edulis) within the Solent: the perception of the fishing community. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Oysters take five years to grow, can be wiped out by cold or parasites, and cost a fortune, but the recession has not affected the public’s appetite for the shellfish (Allen, 2010). Native oysters have been an important source of food and employment for British fisherman located in the Solent as far back as the Roman occupation (Edwards, 1997). However, since the turn of the millennium, stocks of oysters in the Solent have been in decline. In 2009 the Marine and Coastal Access Act came into force heralding much needed legislative reform to inshore fisheries management. In England and Wales, this will see the creation of a new government body called the inshore Fishing and Conservation Authorities that will wield enhanced regulatory power. Fishing communities must be involved in the creation of regulatory measures or it can strip their legitimacy, resulting in them being disregarded (Symes, 1999). The involvement of stakeholders is conducted through the medium of co-management. This is defined as a collaborative and participatory process of regulatory decision making between representatives of user groups, government agencies, and other stakeholders (Keiner, 2009; Phillipson & Symes, 2010; Wilson, Nielsen & Degnbol, 2003). This paper gathered data through a postal questionnaire gauging the perception of comanagement and implemented byelaws through the responses from fishermen in the Solent. It questioned what byelaws are effective in conserving oysters, and the level of stakeholder participation in devising policies. A central factor for byelaws success, was its ability to be enforced and the social, economic, and environmental justification for the measure. The gathered data implied that participants felt disillusioned with their input, however, upon further investigation it became apparent that an appropriate level of participation is being conducted. The dissemination of policy is recommended to show that stakeholder input does influence the outcome to meet local characteristics, potentially improving its adoption.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Department of Geography
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2011 16:46
    Last Modified: 24 Jul 2015 10:06

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