Do recessions cause fraud to increase? The effect of the 2008 to 2012 recession on levels of fraud in the UK

McClement, Alex Peter (2012) Do recessions cause fraud to increase? The effect of the 2008 to 2012 recession on levels of fraud in the UK. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    This literature review was designed to review the current research focusing on the characteristics of fraud offences, and the motivations of fraudsters. An analysis of the literature covering fraud offending motivational theory was conducted, incorporating various theories. This was then developed further to investigate the way a recession will impact upon the motivating factors. An analysis of available economic data and statistics on levels of fraud observed within the UK economic was carried out. It was found that, whilst many pieces of work find a correlation between levels of unemployment caused by recessions, and levels of fraud, there is insufficient data to isolate the recession as the proximate cause. Current research into factors influencing fraudsters is narrow in scope, and is not sufficiently comprehensive to support a conclusion that may be useful to policy makers. Further research is needed to develop further a long-term view, incorporating factors across the spectrum of offenders, in order to evaluate common motivations and inform future strategy.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2013 11:36
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 12:16
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/10665

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