The success of geographic profiling is all too often perceived by taking a narrow view of what constitutes its success. Does geographic profiling have more to offer to investigators than merely an offenders’ residence?

Glass, Dion Blair (2012) The success of geographic profiling is all too often perceived by taking a narrow view of what constitutes its success. Does geographic profiling have more to offer to investigators than merely an offenders’ residence? MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    The overall aim of this research is to investigate the relevance and accuracy of the criminological theories that underpin geographic profiling. In doing so, the research aims to ascertain whether or not (by inference) geographic profiling would have assisted and supported investigators in solving cases. The overall aim is not only to establish whether or not geographic profiling would have pinpointed the offenders’ residence, but whether or not geographic profiling as a broader discipline would have enhanced the investigative process.
    The study examines how the criminological theories could have explained the offenders’ behaviour, and in turn, how the offenders’ behaviour fitted into the explanations offered by the theories. By the same token, the study examines where the theories were out of sync with the offenders’ behaviour, and where the offenders’ behaviour did not fit into the theories. The study goes on to examine the implications of this for geographic profiling as an investigative tool.
    The approach used is that of case studies. Rossmo (2005, p. 3) maintains that there are three effective ways to determine the efficacy of geographic profiling software, of which one way is to examine performance against solved cases. Two solved South African serial rape cases were used in this research.
    The results showed that it was not be probable that geographic profiling would have given an accurate estimation of either of the offenders’ residence. The results did however show that if one considers the utility of geographic profiling (as opposed to only applicability and performance), then geographic profiling would have been a useful tool in the investigation processes in both cases.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2013 11:28
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 12:16
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/10659

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