To what extent has the UK been successful in combating human trafficking?

Cooke-Welling, Andrew (2012) To what extent has the UK been successful in combating human trafficking? MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    This dissertation considers the extent to which the UK has been successful in combating human trafficking. It is divided into five linked chapters which are designed to set the scene and answer the question posed. This includes a focused literature review, a critical assessment of the UK’s response over the past decade to the current date and concludes with a set of recommendations and observations which could be used to support a better response. A range of sources including government, NGOs academia and other non- state parties are assessed. This is in order to include all available information and interested parties engaged in this sometimes emotive and politically sensitive issue.
    It highlights the need for more effective, coordinated and appropriately resourced responses in the areas of information gathering; training; awareness; law enforcement; political leadership; public and private sector partnership and; victim- centred human rights protection.
    In other words, (when compared to drugs trafficking for example) the UK’s response to human trafficking remains disjointed and probably disproportionate to the threat. The result, is that organisations tasked with implementing the response to trafficking ‘need to ‘make sense’ both of the specific issues and the wider context within which they formulate their response, as well as their established ways of working’ (Weick, 1995, p.1).
    This work includes a focused literature review and analysis of secondary data. Both quantitative and qualitative methods are used in order to add depth and context to the results obtained. It analyses secondary data, carried out by researchers, academics, government, NGOs, law enforcement agencies and national statistics.
    Different countries within the United Kingdom have an uneven approach, particularly in the areas of law enforcement, victim identification and protection.
    By considering different approaches to improve success factors, it looks beyond law enforcement to include academic, economic, legal, social, geographic and human rights perspectives, on order to provide new insights into one of the fastest growing international crimes. The dissertation concludes that despite some positive developments, the UK has more to do, particularly in relation to trafficking within and across the UK.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2013 11:07
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 12:15
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/10654

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