Does NATO have a role in global cyber security? a study of the perceptions among policymakers and the potential implications for the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation in the event of a cyber attack on an Alliance member.

Grennan, Eamonn (2012) Does NATO have a role in global cyber security? a study of the perceptions among policymakers and the potential implications for the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation in the event of a cyber attack on an Alliance member. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    Advances in technology, easy access to the global web, difficulties in determining source and the relatively low cost of mounting an attack combine to create challenge for policy makers on how best to counter the real and potentially destructive threat of cyber attack. This research investigates the role that NATO might play in global cyber security. Cybercrime is a relatively well-researched subject, particularly in the area of fraud, however readily available research on cyber attack and response is not as prevalent. Individuals, organisations and states are subjected to constant cyber attacks in attempts to compromise data or systems. Recognising that both cyber warfare and cyber crime exploit the same system weaknesses this research explores where the strengths and weaknesses of international response lie in countering larger attacks. The primary method of data collection is a survey of experts who are active in cyber security. A total of 51 people took part in the survey. This primary data has been compared and contrasted with available research on this topic. Several clear areas of consensus and difference emerge. From a general point of view there is currently a lack of clear and agreed international definitions, which hinder the development of strategies to counter the threats. Research findings also show that overemphasising and focusing on terrorist attacks in cyberspace can detract attention from other more insidious forms of cyber crime such as espionage, exploitation and fraud. Any militarization of the Internet is widely disliked. The predominant view is that NATO has a role to play and that this role should be in assistance and support but not a retaliatory or offensive one. In terms of infrastructure, the boundaries of NATO’s remit are not agreed and if NATO as an organisation is to provide support or assistance it must be able to prove it has the expertise and experience to do so.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2013 10:38
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 12:15
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/10649

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