The uses of offender profiling in the Canadian Criminal Justice system

Valegeon, Julie (2012) The uses of offender profiling in the Canadian Criminal Justice system. MSc dissertation, University of Portsmouth.

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    Abstract

    Research about offender profiling appears to be predominantly conducted in the USA and in the UK while other countries seem to be left behind. This dissertation will seek to explore the uses of profiling in the Canadian Criminal Justice System. This study will be conducted as a structured literature review with the use of secondary data such as academic publications, cases details, and websites of Canadian criminal justice organizations. This removes any ethical problems such as anonymity, confidentiality or voluntary participation. This dissertation will seek to determine what are the general principles of profiling via the study of the three main approaches of profiling which are the FBI, Statistical and Clinical methods, before focussing more specifically on the ways profiling is used in the Canadian Criminal Justice system. The information gathered will show that profiling is used in two different aspects of the Canadian criminal justice system. First profiling is mostly used as a technique in order to help furthering an investigation when traditional methods have not led to the designation of a suspect. Profiling cannot solve a case by itself but it can potentially help a case by providing other information. This study also highlight that more recently profiling has also been used in Canadian courts as scientific evidence, but so far this remains marginal. The review of Canadian cases show that most of the time profiling evidence tends to be rejected especially when they take the form of behavioural profiling because of their lack of scientific grounds and thus their inability to comply with the legal requirements. However, profiling evidence based on crime scene analysis tends to be admitted to some extent as long as they meet the requirements established by the Courts.

    Item Type: Dissertation
    Departments/Research Groups: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Institute of Criminal Justice Studies
    Depositing User: Jane Polwin
    Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2013 15:22
    Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 12:13
    URI: http://eprints.port.ac.uk/id/eprint/10162

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